The Church Chairs Evolution
The main reason was that most of the churches during that era were in a run down or dilapidated state. Churches then had no money or budgets that could help them to enable repairs. Another reason was that the liturgy discouraged participation of congregations and their ideology was that more people can accommodated when standing instead of sitting.
Between the 17th century and the 19th Century, parish churches having church chairs and pews were subjected to pew rents, which had to be paid by the occupants. The rent was charged as a tax for getting the privilege of being able to sit on a church chair situated near the main aisle. Those who were unable to afford the pew charges had to make do by standing on the side aisles and galleries.
It was around the 1870’s when changes started creeping in and social barriers started to disappear. Churches started encouraging greater participation by the congregations and this meant there was a higher requirement for seating arrangements and church furniture. Most of the chapel or church chairs were identical in shape and size. This also meant that the wood used for making the church chairs and stacking chairs had to be homogeneous throughout. As a result, almost 100 workers were involved in the production of the church chair and church pews.
One of the most important aspects was that the timber needed to match. Most of the churches during that era bought Beech, Elm, Oak and sometimes even American ash from specialized brokers for chair production. When the timber arrived at the workshop, it was kept in a hot-room so that the moisture content could be reduced by 10%. After the reduction in moisture content, the timber was planed and the various defects were taken out. The remaining timber was cut to specification and made ready for the finishing touches. This is how church chairs were manufactured couple of centuries back.
After machining the blanks or post hand turning, the church furniture was transferred to the assembly area and here the church chairs were assembled by hand-pressing or by using jigs. The joints in church pews, stack chairs and other church furniture were glued using urea formaldehyde glue. This glue was considered special as it created the perfect bond and increased the life of the furniture.
The struts of the church chairs were angled to provide strength to the struts. The legs of the chairs were also braced with glue to counteract some of the high-pressure that got created when people leaned back on the chairs. The angle or the curve was cut by a band saw or even by hand. On the other hand, an acid catalyst lacquer is used in the modern church chairs as finish. It is also considered as one of the hardest wearing finish as of date. In the earlier times, the church chairs were mostly oiled or waxed.
One of the most popular churches, the Basilica in Rome has a huge amount of space that can hold at least 90,000 people but there are not enough church chairs to accommodate everyone. When the Pope presides over for ceremonies, then only 11,500 people can be seated. The 11,500 church chairs have been placed strategically and directly in the view of the central altar.
In the early times, the church chair and church pews were being made by nomadic turners who were also known as ‘bodgers’. The bodgers lived mostly in the village around High Wycombe. Historically speaking, the skilled labor required for making the church chair was acquired from industries handling production of spoons, bowls, and variety items. The same labor was applied for developing chairs for the church and this led to the formation of a group of skilled laborers who became part time turners.
The best quality church pews and chairs were being made in England at one point in time. In 1939, around 10,000 church furniture workers were employed with different manufacturers but by 1960 the number greatly reduced to 8000. Due to technological involvements a lot has changed in terms of the manufacturing of chairs and furniture for the church. Today, you can even buy church pews or stacking chairs over the internet, a market that no one ever thought could exist even in the early 20th century.
Many times when people wear a funny t shirt they normally have a funny slogan or a saying on the t shirt rather than a picture. Although it is now common to wear a funny t shirt, that has a funny picture on the garment itself. But the most popular t shirts are the ones that have a funny slogan or a quote from famous people or celebrities or a saying in simple letters.The reason that funny quotes are more popular than funny picture is that everyone can read simple funny sayings rather than people trying to look at a funny picture and trying to work out what that picture stands for or what its actually trying to say. Once people have read the funny quotes then they will make their minds up to either laugh out loud, or to keep the joke to themselves. Even at work when people have none uniform days in participating or affiliating with a charity event party staff pay a nominal fee for one day to wear normal dress down days rather than office clothes. Even on this particular day a lot of the staff would wear a comical t shirt that would have a funny quote or a saying just to grab the next persons attention. A lot of adults especially adults with younger children between the ages of ten to nineteen, would wear a funny t shirt at the weekends. Adults normally would wear a hilarious t shirt for a number of reasons, sometime adults wear funny t shirts to embarrass their children, and reason number two would be to make them cool and hip like their younger children. If people on a weekend go out on a night out with their friends and family, then women would get dressed up smartly, however the men would wear something less formal more casual like jeans, shoes and a t shirts. More than likely that the t shirt would have a funny saying, or funny quote. Men do this a lot just to get everyone talking and breaking the silence at a party where there would be a lot strange faces about.If only men were to go out on a night out then there would be a high probability that the men would all wear the same t shirt and would have something hilarious written on the t-shirt. Men do this when going out on a party or a gathering to impress the ladies, and wanting to meet their future partners to be or maybe Im wrong maybe they do this for just a bit of banter and be on the humorous side of things in life. The famous time when people wear funny t shirts is when they go out on the stand and hen do nights where they may have their name and then a funny saying about them like if a person is called Ruby then she may wear a funny hen t-shirt saying Rebel Ruby. Whatever the reason a lot of people wear funny t shirts to get noticed or to be noticed.
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The writer of this article loves wearing funny t shirts and he loves writing anything to do with funny t shirt.
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