Image from page 84 of “Coast watch” (1979)
Image from page 84 of “Coast watch” (1979)
Title: Coast watch
Year: 1979 (1970s)
Authors: UNC Sea Grant College Program
Subjects: Marine resources; Oceanography; Coastal zone management; Coastal ecology
Publisher: [Raleigh, N. C. : UNC Sea Grant College Program]
Contributing Library: State Library of North Carolina
Digitizing Sponsor: North Carolina Digital Heritage Center
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A HISTORIAN’S COAST Rachel Carson at Bird Shoal L By David Cecelski enjoy chaperoning school trips to Bird Shoal, a marshy island near Beaufort. The kids are excited to learn outdoors. They scurry among the tidal pools, pelting their teachers with dozens of questions about seashore life. Amid the clamor, I am reminded of a quiet, solitary young woman who waded those tidal pools half a century before us. Long before she was famous, Rachel Carson visited Bird Shoal. Her best-selling books about the sea lay years ahead of her. She had not yet dreamed of changing history with "Silent Spring," her trailblazing expose on the dangers of DDT and other pesticides. At Bird Shoal, she was an obscure young biologist discovering the mysteries of the sea. She wandered the island in peace, ankle-deep in marsh mud and en- tranced by the beauty of whelks and sea anemones. It is fitting that the Rachel Carson National Estuarine Research Reserve, which today includes Bird Shoal, bears this shy, soft-spoken biologist’s name — and not only because she wrote such wonderful books about the sea’s ecology. Carson had a special fondness for the North Carolina coast. She visited Bird Shoal frequently and kept a special place in her heart for Lake Mattamuskeet. Imagining Carson at Bird Shoal, I have often wondered how a woman so private, and so absorbed in scien- tific study, came to write one of the boldest indictments of humanity’s mistreatment of the Earth. But looking more closely at her coastal sojourns here in North Carolina, I think that we can glimpse the inspiration for "Silent Spring."
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Carson was born in 1907 in the Allegheny Valley of Pennsylvania. Encouraged in her love of the out- doors by her mother, she studied marine biology at Johns Hopkins and the Woods Hole Marine Laboratory. Until she could make a living as a writer in 1952, she worked as an aquatic biologist and editor for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. I do not know exactly when Carson first visited the North Carolina coast, but she had certainly explored the Beaufort vicinity by 1940. Her first book, "Under the Sea-Wind," was published in the fall of 1941 and opened with a long evocation of a May evening at Beaufort’s Town Marsh and Bird Shoal. Carson’s prose brings that spring night to life. Shad burst through Beaufort Inlet. A black skimmer rested after a long flight from the Yucatan. Newborn diamondback terrapins slipped into the dark waters of Back Sound. And — in a passage that I have remembered since I first read it as a teen-ager — a marsh rat caught "the scent of terrapin and terrapin eggs, fresh laid, (that) was heavy in the air." The rat devoured one of the eggs, then, blinded by gluttony, was speared by a blue heron. In "Under the Sea-Wind," Carson displayed the literary grace and scientific accuracy that marked all her writing. Overlooked in the upheaval of World War II, however, the book received little attention and sold poorly. Not until 10 years later, after "The Edge of the Sea" was published to great acclaim, did Carson’s first book also become a best seller. Soon after World War II, Carson toured Lake Mattamuskeet to prepare a booklet called "Mattamuskeet: A National Wildlife Refuge." Purchased by the federal government in 1934 for a waterfowl sanctuary, Lake Mattamuskeet attracted one of the largest assemblies of Canada geese and whistling swans on the Atlantic Seaboard. Between 40.000 and 60,000 Canadas and 5,000 to 10,000 swans wintered on the lake, as well as great flocks of pintails, wigeons, black ducks, mallards and green- and blue-winged teal. When visiting Lake Matta- muskeet, Carson stayed at the old pumping station at New Holland. The pumps had been used in a failed plan to drain and farm the lake in the 1920s. The Civilian Conservation Corps, a New Deal agency, converted the station into a hunting lodge with a circular staircase ascending the old smokestack 120 feet to an observation tower. Continued COASTWATCH 21
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Do not disturb ! This notice is regularly seen on doorknobs of hotel rooms. Clearly, the person on the other side of the door wants some peace and quiet. This type of peace is without depth, one that is conclusive and literal.There are other kinds of peace, many people aim for. Its peace of mind. A couple of people have peace of mind only when they are asleep. Maybe this is possible only when they are physically weary or worn out, and the desire to sleep is more intense than the need to have peace of mind. Notwithstanding, having a bothered mind, will keep you awake repeatedly, night after night. Your whole well-being will be negatively affected. Your physical health will worsen. The longer this continues, the more comprehensive the harm, will become. Dont wait until the damage becomes permanent.Find the source of your troubled mind. Trouble reside’s in the mind. Ask yourself what is upsetting you. A portion of it is perhaps, made up of fear, self-pity, anxiety, and disappointments, to name a few. All of these are products of negative thinking that contaminate’s the mind, needlessly. Face your worries with courage by getting rid of the negative feelings of fear and anxiety. Clear your mind of all these bad habits. Dont leave your mind blank for too long, to avoid it from declining back to the negative part. Keep on ridding yourself of all negative thoughts, by clearing them from your mind, and replenish, with positive and reassuring thoughts. Do this process whenever needed – every time you think you need to. By duplicating this process, you are exercising positive habits aimed at keeping your mind clear of negative thoughts and full of positive resonance, to gain peace of mind. Eventually, this habit will routinely become a daily happening, until you get used to it. When this is attained, you will find all that you do, to be positive, based in an uncomplicated manner. You maybe thinking, Just how do I remove negative thoughts and turn on positive ones? One of the best solutions to do this, is by visualization. Create peaceful views in your mind. For example, you can at the beginning, create in your mind, a rainforest being destroyed, by stormy weather. Branches of trees are actively swaying in all directions. It all seems to be turbulent, just like a bothered mind. But storms, do end. They go away. When they depart, sunshine or good weather arrives. A troubled mind is like a storm in your mind. Once the problem disappears, you will gain peace of mind. Try to build a sturdy foundation of positive attitudes, so that when another storm strikes your mind, youre ready to bear it. This is the same as practicing positive attitudes. Going back to the rainforest in clear sunny weather, doesnt it look and feel peaceful? This is how your state of mind should be – peaceful so that it can be geared, to obtain a satisfying life. There are plenty of other ways, to achieve a peaceful mind. Think of words that indicate a calm mind – words like tranquil (a tranquil sea), relax, easygoing, harmony, and stillness. Read poems, phrases, and citations, that suggest a peaceful mind. You can also join group talks where the discussion is focused on how to achieve a mind harmonious with peace, love, and happiness. If you like to be by yourself, moments of silence, can make you acquire, peace of mind. The library is an appropriate place, to be in. Lend out a book that suggests peace of mind and you may be able to realize, other ways to obtain, your ambition.Want more ebooks, which you can read, on the Go, with many useful titles and a Free signup, then check out this Great new membership website at ebooks4mobile.com
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Sam Harris: Islam Is Not a Religion of Peace
Complete video at: http://fora.tv/2010/11/10/Sam_Harris_Can_Science_Determine_Human_Values
Author Sam Harris argues that Islam — like most religions — is not simply a peaceful faith misrepresented by extremists. “The only problem with Islamic fundamentalism are the fundamentals of Islam,” says Harris. “To call Islam a religion of peace … is completely delusional.”
In this highly anticipated, explosive new book, the author of The End of Faith and Letter to a Christian Nation calls for an end to religion’s monopoly on morality and human values. In The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values, Sam Harris tears down the wall between scientific facts and human values to dismantle the most common justification for religious faith — that a moral system cannot be based on science.
The End of Faith ignited a worldwide debate about the validity of religion. In its aftermath, Harris discovered that most people, from secular scientists to religious fundamentalists, agree on one point: Science has nothing to say on the subject of human values. Even among religious fundamentalists, the defense one most often hears for belief in God is not that there is compelling evidence that God exists, but that faith in Him provides the only guidance for living a good life. Controversies about human values are controversies about which science has officially had no opinion. Until now.
Morality, Harris argues, is actually an undeveloped branch of neuroscience, and answers to questions of human value can be visualized on a “moral landscape” — a space of real and potential outcomes whose peaks and valleys correspond to human states of greater or lesser wellbeing. Different ways of thinking and behaving — different cultural practices, ethical codes, modes of government, etc. — translate into movements across this landscape. Such changes can be analyzed objectively on many levels, ranging from biochemistry to economics, but they have their crucial realization as experiences in the human brain.
Bringing a fresh, secular perspective to age-old questions of right and wrong, and good and evil, Harris shows that we know enough about the human brain and its relationship to events in the world to say that there are right and wrong answers to the most pressing questions of human life. Because such answers exist, cultural relativism is simply false — and comes at increasing cost to humanity. And just as there is no such thing as Christian physics or Muslim algebra, there can be no Christian or Muslim morality. Using his expertise in philosophy and neuroscience, along with his experience on the front lines of our “culture wars,” Sam Harris delivers a game-changing argument about the future of science and about the real basis of human cooperation. – Berkeley Arts and Letters
Sam Harris is an American non-fiction author, and CEO of Project Reason. He received a Ph.D. in neuroscience from UCLA, and is a graduate in philosophy from Stanford University. He has studied both Eastern and Western religious traditions, along with a variety of contemplative disciplines, for twenty years. He is a proponent of scientific skepticism and is the author of The End of Faith (2004), which won the 2005 PEN/Martha Albrand Award, Letter to a Christian Nation (2006), a rejoinder to criticism of his first book, and The Moral Landscape (2010).