Image from page 175 of “Bulletin” (1966-1972)

0 Comments


Image from page 175 of “Bulletin” (1966-1972)
Title: Bulletin
Identifier: bulletin43fiel
Year: 1966-1972 (1960s)
Authors: Field Museum of Natural History
Subjects: Natural history; Science
Publisher: [Chicago] : The Museum
Contributing Library: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Digitizing Sponsor: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

View Book Page: Book Viewer
About This Book: Catalog Entry
View All Images: All Images From Book

Click here to view book online to see this illustration in context in a browseable online version of this book.

Text Appearing Before Image:
fl 1^ MY LDIFi $IUI$AiNl M©©l^i In September of last year I came to Field Museum in hopes of working as a researcti student in tfie Department of Anthropology with John Terrell, who had just been appointed Assistant Curator of Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology. John had recently returned from the South Pacific after more than a year of field work on the island of Bougainville in the Solomons. I had heard through the Women’s Board of the Museum that he was looking for student volunteers to help him with the laboratory analysis of almost seven tons of archaeological specimens from ancient village sites on the island. Any doubts about my qualifications as an archaeologist were soon diminished after talking over what I might do in the Department of Anthropology under John Terrell’s supervision. He pointed out that if I could read at home and take things in careful steps, there was a good chance I could accomplish at least two things: discover what it was like to analyze and interpret the evidence recovered from field excavations and, perhaps more important, learn something about the demands and pitfalls in the scientific study of man. We agreed that I would be responsible for one archaeological site, beginning with washing each artifact discovered there and ending with writing a paper on my findings and conclusions about the site. Popular books on archaeology often fail to give the reader a clear understanding of what must be done to turn the objects recovered from an excavation into hypotheses and conclusions about the past. I am sure many people have read about how carefully an archaeologist must excavate an ancient site. But how many of us know what happens back in the archaeologist’s laboratory before he or she can sit down and write books and articles? For my first two months at the Museum I sat at a sink washing small fragments of ancient clay cooking pots from my study site, called "Tearaka" (a name which means "abounding in stones" and refers to the cobble beach in front of it). I loved it. I wore a lab coat to establish myself as an integral part of the Bougainville Archaeological Survey and slowly scrubbed the skin off both hands. I knew that somebody had to wash the specimens before they could be properly labeled. As John reminded me, we had agreed I was to have an experience from soup to nuts; or at least from sink to laboratory table! I checked around the Museum to see if a real archaeologist would wear rubber gloves; and when I discovered that you could get them from the supply room, I ordered myself a pair. After all the washing was completed came many long hours of labeling individual potsherds to establish forever their archaeological provenance. Then one day when I had worked my way through several trays of specimens with pen and India ink— and was feeling well on my way to scientific greatness—John casually left a red felt- tipped pen on my desk with a note to come and see him when I had time. He complimented me on my numbering style. And then, looking me straight in the eye, told me that each piece would need yet another number. My India ink numbers established each piece as a specimen from Tearaka and from a definite archaeological layer at that site. The number I would add with the red felt-tip would establish each sherd as an individual piece of pottery from a particular layer. It soon became obvious that / needed an assistant. When my friend and neighbor Sue Sanchez agreed to help once a week, I was delighted. In January I finished numbering my potsherds and it was time to move on to the next step: scientific analysis. John spoke of it often. He rather mysteriously called it "turning evidence into information." Clearly something was needed, because all I had on the laboratory table in front of me were trays of very clean artifacts which had been numbered twice. The problem of saying something coherent about thousands of potsherds looked immense. Where do you even begin? From September through January I had been preparing for this next step. I had read John’s doctoral dissertation and several of his reports on the Bougainville Archaeological Survey, numerous books and articles on the archaeology and ethnography of the South Pacific, on pottery making, and on methods of research, and I had struggled through a statistics book. John was always available to explain and clarify and to discuss the problems I was encountering in trying to grasp the information I would need to conduct a study of my potsherds and then to formulate ideas about the prehistory of Bougainville. Armed with callipers and other instruments for measuring, my dog-eared statistics book, and a lot of paper, 1 labored through June of this year measuring, counting, and describing. Gradually the artifacts did begin to fall into place and 1 was able to develop a system for describing them scientifically. When I first sat down to sort my specimens into piles of things that looked most alike, It was apparent that I had two different classes of pottery vessels. The sherds in one pile looked very much like vessels known to have been manufactured on the small island of Buka, just north of Bougainville, whose almost 2,000-year-old pottery tradition has been described by James R. Specht of the Australian Museum in Sydney, The sherds in the second pile appeared to be identical in most respects to the kind of pottery vessels manufactured

Text Appearing After Image:
on the southeastern coast of Bougainville in the vicinity of the modern town of Kieta— one hundred miles from Buka and forty-five miles south of my site at Tearaka, Since one could safely assume that the people of Buka and the people at Kieta did not travel to Tearaka to discard broken pots at the communal dump there, the occurrence of both kinds of pottery ware seemed to indicate that prehistoric Tearaka had been a village where two separate trade networks came together. In support of such an inference, it is known historically that in the earlier decades of this century traders from both Buka and Kieta did reach Tearaka and neighboring villages and that they brought with them modern cooking vessels for trade. According to the results of Dr, Specht’s archaeological investigations on Buka Island, the art of pottery making has been practiced there since the last centuries before the birth of Christ. Unfortunately, the prehistory September 1972

Note About Images
Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability – coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.
By Internet Archive Book Images on 2015-08-09 01:40:49
tags

Designing your own web page or site is a project that can be as fun and creative as you like. You’re putting your work out there for potentially millions of people to read. Whether your site showcases your prized collection of stamps, your photos of family and pet[s], or you’re trying to build a new business; your web site is the best window of opportunity to make a good impression. Keep in mind that most surfers will give your page about 15 seconds. This means one thing: make it memorable! To do this, here are 8 important gaffes to avoid.

1. There are hundreds of available fonts from the standard size Times New Roman to extra large and bold Goudy Stout. Using more than two, possibly three, fonts are not recommended. It’s fun experimenting with the right font for your page, but unless you’re creating a web site where you’re featuring fonts, keep it simple. Also, script fonts look awful when they’re done in all capital letters.

2. With the advent of animated graphics [GIF’s], most of them available for the rock bottom price of nothing, people can go crazy decorating their site with the visual equivalent of Disney World. Some of the animations do more than move; they make noise! Remember, folks, less is more! One or two appropriate animations per page can enhance it. Yes, animation is fun. But too much can be distracting.

3. Spell check your page. Read it. Then read it again. Even if you have a graphics’ intensive site, you will have some text. When that text is misspelled and/or full of grammatical errors, you’ll turn away a proportionate amount of traffic. I once discovered a site with TWELVE misspellings on one page! No matter what you’re selling or showing on the WWW, being able to do so in proper English [or whatever your language] is always appreciated. Most word processing programs include a spell check. And if you’re in doubt, have someone who likes to read and write proofread it.

4. Text only sites are BORING! If we want to read a book online we’ll go to an e-book company and download one! Or to the library — get the point? Even if you’re designing a serious reference site, there’s always a way to include an elegant little graphic, a non-white background, or a line to break up the paragraphs. The Internet is a visual medium for most of us [except those who run their browser in a text-only format], so make it look attractive. After all, you are inviting people to share something with you.

5. The other extreme would be sites that are so graphics’ intensive that we spend several minutes waiting for the last picture to load. While it may be a very entertaining site, the epoch it takes to show us how fantastic those photos/graphics really are may be too long for impatient surfers. Balance pictures with text. Find a way to make the photos into thumbnails, or at least decrease the size so they don’t take as long to unfold into their full glory.

6. Broken links don’t increase your popularity. Who likes seeing that ‘404 File Not Found’ on their screen? CHECK YOUR LINKS before launching your site.

7. If you need to add music to your site, please have an off switch. That someone will share your taste in music isn’t always going to be the case. During the weeks before Christmas how many sites did we come upon that played various versions of “Jingle Bells” and other carols? While music can enhance a site, it can also detract from it. I came upon the most appalling example of what a web site shouldn’t contain some months ago. The blaring techno music was so relentless that I immediately searched for the off button. I never found it. I was next visually assaulted with a growing font that looked like it was going to jump out of my computer. Instead, it froze. The screen, now almost completely lime green with font, had just enough space for me to read the words: “…will design a site like this for you.” As my speakers were SQUEALING from the stuck music and the monitor displaying that parody, I shut my computer off. Enough said?

8. Update your site periodically. Signs like ‘last updated 1998’ give clues to the surfer that this is a cobweb. The more you freshen your contentsFree Reprint Articles, the more likely your site is to remain fresh in people’s minds. Plus it helps your rankings in the search engines.

Hope you have fun designing your web page. It’s your way to show off what you know.

Teamwork can make a Dreamwork – best ever motivational short film on youtube

Individual effort is important, but it’s teamwork that makes the dream work. – Inhouse Incorporation

Great things in business are never done by one person. They’re done by a team of people. Steve Jobs

The secret is to work less as individuals and more as a team. As a coach, I play not my eleven best, but my best eleven. Knute Rockne

Teamwork divides the task and double the success. Anonymous

The most powerful force ever known on this planet is human cooperation – a force for construction and destruction. Jonathan Haidt

Individual commitment to a group effort – that is what makes a team work, a company work, a society work, a civilization work. Vince Lombardi

Follow Us:
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Inhouseincorp/
Twitter: hhttps://twitter.com/inhouseincorp
Visit Us: http://inhouseincorp.com/